Understanding More about Eye Injuries
When people talk about injuries, they mostly refer to accidents and wounds on bones, the skin, or the head. Rarely do people indulge in the possibility of eye injuries. Even though the eye is a small organ of the body, it serves a great purpose. A traumatic eventuality can significantly damage the eye structure and distort the quality of your life.
Before looking into treatment options in Express ER near you, perhaps consider the different types of eye injuries and causes thereof.
What Is an Eye Injury?
It is a term used to refer to the many types of accidents that injure the eye and the eye socket. This broad term accounts for both chemical and physical traumas of the eye and the surrounding area.
The types of eye injuries differ significantly, depending on the cause and the impact involved thereof. Having that the eye is a sensitive internal organ displayed on the outside, any traumas can get complicated very quickly. In some cases, treatment involves drastic surgical measures to save the eye and the surrounding areas.
What Causes Eye Injuries?
Many patients that visit 24-hour emergency care centers with eye injuries can link their cusses to:
- Blunt impact on the head around the eyes
- Scratches in and around the eye
- Chemical and toxin exposure
- Foreign objects caught in the eye
- Poor hygiene – if you keep touching your eyes with dirty hands, there is no telling the number of bacteria and chemicals that make way into your eyes.
Types of Eye Injuries
At an emergency clinic near you, a doctor will quickly diagnose the type of eye injury you have by considering the symptoms you are presenting and the cause of the injury. During diagnosis, chances are that you have any of the following eye injuries:
- Foreign objects in the eye – it could be something as small as a dust particle, to something as big as a fish hook. Foreign objects in the eye cause a lot of discomfort, pain, and irritation, tempting you to rub your eye. This is why you need to seek help quickly before you worsen things by rubbing. Attempts to remove the foreign object, particularly when it is a metal, can make things worse for your eye.
- Corneal abrasions – it is a term used to refer to the scratching of the eye. It is one of the most common eye injuries in Express emergency rooms. Ideally, it happens when you rub your eye too firmly when a foreign object is inside. It is also possible when your eye is scratched by a sharp object. Eye lacerations can escalate very quickly since the scratch part becomes the entry point for bacteria and fungi. The condition can even be the beginning of eye blindness, in as short a time as within 24 hours of the injury.
- Chemical burn – this happens during exposure to chemicals. They can be acidic or alkaline. With chemicals, the concentration is what makes the difference. In some cases, the chemical burn may not do much harm to your eye, other than cause irritation and Redness. However, some chemicals require to be mitigated by an eye doctor.
- Swelling and black eye – this can be as a result of the impact in the surrounding area of your eyes. Ideally, a forceful impact with a baseball bat, a blow on your face, or even a bee sting can cause your eyes to swell. Any such swelling and bruising should be checked to ensure that you have not incurred any internal damage.
- Subconjunctival hemorrhages – it describes the bleeding of the eyes. This is an eye injury that can quickly put you into anxiety, even though it may look worse than it actually is. It usually features a break in one or more of your blood vessels, causing a leakage of blood. Treatment may not even be necessary, as the redness of the blood clears out after a couple of days. However, to be safe, it is always better to see a doctor.
- Orbital blowout fractures – it is one of those ye injuries you should consider as urgent and critical. It features the breaking of the facial bones that surround the eyes. They can place unnecessary pressure on your eyes, causing far more complex problems with your vision.